Written by: Ellen H, Oriana W, and Bari w
Finals week can be pretty hectic, especially when going to a rigorous high school because there is so much information students must review. When students take more than six finals that are twenty percent of their grade, it is hard for them to pass when they don’t manage their time or are not good test takers. This means that a student with an eighty percent in a class can drop to a seventy-eight all because of poor study habits. So how do you survive this stressful week and come out with A grades? According to the University of Waterloo, using the production effect is the best way to survive finals week or any important task that requires the use of your memory.
According to Science Daily, a study was performed to see if reading aloud helped improve your memory. In order to find this out, researchers from the University of Waterloo conducted a study testing four studying methods. They told the participants to read a passage aloud and read it silently. They also had someone read the passage to them and had them listen to a recording of their own voice reading the text. After quizzing the participants, the researchers came to the conclusion that most of the 95 participants in the study excelled when reading aloud. This study backed up the researchers’ theory of the production effect. The production effect states that when we say things out loud it becomes engraved in our long term memory. This happens because we are studying by looking at the text and we are also saving the sounds of the words to our memory.
What we Think
This article was important because it allowed us to learn a way to strengthen or long term memory. Whether that be by memorizing our grocery list or studying for a big test, we now know we will be successful when reading out loud. Although the study provided great insight, it was missing a lot of key information. For example, the study did not state if the participants were a diverse group of people. Without knowing their ages or ethnicity, we do not know if the research is unbiased. This causes us to not know if the study has predictive or ecological validity. Also based on the information given in the study you cannot come to a conclusion if it was ethically valid. Overall the article could be improved by giving out more data, but it was great because it allowed us to learn about the CLOA principle number one. This principle states that humans are active information processors. This was shown in the study because the participants had to practice their recall which involves the mental processing of information.